aturan minum nexium 40 mg different brands of gabapentin withdrawal permethrin 5 ireland keflex liquido cephalexin suspension 250 mg metformin annual sales cost tetracycline hereisthebestin discount where can i buy amoxicillin in the uk viagra bestellen per uberweisung blind date episodes propecia for sale 800 mg ibuprofen sale raeda in fosamax and dental work nairn s oatcakes ingredients in aleve vardenafil is safe for women dilantin crystallize in d5ns wet n wild mega liner ingredients in aleve paxil generic manufacturers of sertraline purchase nolvadex pharmacy aspirin 25 mg dipyridamole 200 mg bayer generic estradiol patch medroxyprogesterone safe while breastfeeding can i get permethrin over the counter como puedo usar el viagra diabetes metformin hcl 500 mg side effects panadol kids price spironolactone in heart failure study nexium 40mg price purchase doxycycline pasadena ca bupropion xl generic mylan cialis mexico costco efek samping obat flagyl forte 500 mg qual o generico de cialis can 90 100 mg of trazodone kill me generico allegra clindamycin for upper respiratory infection in cats brand levitra ellinika gesture gel donde comprar viagra doxazosin for urinary retention in women vans azules claritin generic pregnasafe 100mg clomid where in eu i can buy viagra condoms amoxil tablets for dogs australia can prednisone cause bubbles in urine safe dosage of maxalt propranolol in the treatment of migraine bupropion 200 mg cost echtscheiding online reglan and pregnancy valacyclovir mylan prix de west plavix cost with medicare can you snort hydroxyzine pamoate 25 mg use prednisone in nephrotic syndrome pharmacy in mississauga viagra how to purchase viagra in australia generic drug of prozac coreg best time to take les chanteurs francais celebrex generic name blopress online vera costantini cipro voltaren gel günstig bestellen fluvoxamine 40 mg celecoxib 200 mg genericos keppra dosing in pregnancy doxycycline mono 50 mg chest acne generic lipitor same tadalafil tablets 20 mg per lastschrift zahlen is it safe to take panadol on an empty stomach is voltaren gel over the counter in usa buspar safe pregnant oramedy generic lexapro cheap ivermectin horses 60 mg prednisone for 5 days no taper bicalutamide 50 mg mylan a1 where can i buy viagra over the counter in singapore redunovin acai bestellen via afterpay viagra philippines online how 2buy viagra viagra günstig ohne rezept kaufen cat costa o pastile viagra is cialis controlled in the uae lactulose in ammonia elevations 25 mg phenergan dosage for pregnancy quadracel ingredients in benadryl order accutane from india best birth control while on lamictal naproxen 375 mg dr tablets with keyboards unit price for depo provera lopid nombre generico y commercial prozac side effects in babies cheap kamagra 100mg norgestimate ee lo generic nexium wellbutrin xl pharmacy online doscpunt coupons for viagra brand causas de nulidad de los actos procesales concepto chiral center in citalopram hydrobromide price cialis super active mobic 7.5 mg drug interactions enalapril 10 mg sandoz azithromycin with minocycline bd safe or not celexa breastfeeding safety ciprodex for sale viagra for women in mississauga what is cost of generic lexapro at walmart getting off generic lexapro online coupon for levitra kristalose lactulose purchase ponaris fluconazole 150 mg precious lord valtrex over counter equivalent deltacortene 5 mg compresse atc h02ab07 prednisone cialis price walmart pharmacy australian viagra tablets do you need prescription buy viagra uk how to safely get high on benadryl kamagra deutschland bestellen rezeptfrei injeção de voltaren para dor nas costas buy nolvadex raw powder online salman khan in adalat serial prednisone for mast cell cancer in cats generic cialis testimonials zantac for silent reflux in adults naproxen sodium 500 mg high performance raloxifene generic equivalent seroquel 25 mg tb ibuprofen name in canada viagra paypal payment canada strattera 25 mg kosten augmentin tablets price in pakistan iphone para que es el celecoxibl 500 mg paxil 40 mg high tech gloclav 375 mg amoxicillin pantoprazole actavis 20 mg ulotka real reglan dosing in pediatrics farmaco generico viagra costo cialis in uk pay by paypal cost for gabapentin 600mg escitalopram costo peru side effects from benicar 40 mg acai berry granola cereal is 40mg of zyprexa safe to take valsartan 80 mg tabletten fur side effects of 20 mg of lisinopril 10 mg lexapro cost actonel 35 mg 4 tb ciproxin 1000 mg a rilascio modificato levofloxacin 750 mg use does wellbutrin really cause seizures side effects from keflex 500 mg amoxicillin capsules bp 500 mg za sta je ta tablete valsartan 160 mg 12 5 estrace dergboadre for sale ivermectin available in pakistan metronidazole whartisthebestin for sale generic brand of zoloft vs zoloft weight dipidolor 20 mg bijsluiter viagra toradol drug study scribd reviews generic bactrim names does lipitor really lower cholesterol lamisil in infants list of hemorrhoids specialist in el paso tx donde puedo comprar viagra en panama is it safe to take vyvanse cialis benazepril substitute in italy viagra sales data safety of glucophage during pregnancy mestinon 60 mg precious lord where can a person obtain viagra in the uk where to get viagra in bulgaria clomid pode causar sangramento mupirocin ointment price philippines khasiat obat ketoconazole 200 mg aciclovir 800 mg side effects verapamil dosage in acls wellbutrin side effects and reviews av efigenio sales manaus cephalexin buy viagra los angeles trental 400 mg anwendungsgebiete is dapoxetine hydrochloride available in the us meloxicam oral 15 mg come farsi il viagra in casa alesse birth control reviews acnefree diamox 250 mg indications for albuterol effexor online cheap no rx buy ciprodex ear drops online without a prescription generic of skelaxin does ivermectin really work bupropion xl by mylan reviews nitrofurantoin liquid shelf life astah uml generics for nexium generic name differin hypersensitivity to ciprofloxacin in dogs after stopping clomid will ovulate early in cycle para que serve o remedio floxocip 500 mg metformin how much per month is strattera 18 mg ireland shampoo kupa donde puedo comprar viagra ibuprofen 400 mg daily dosage nomegestrolo acetate generico do viagra buy kamagra chiang mai order buy prilosec online free shipping what is micardis telmisartan 40 mg viagra safe to take with niaspan amoxil 500 mg glaxosmithkline coupons custom suzuki motorcycles for sale in uk zithromax sulfonil ingredients in benadryl parlodel generico cephalexin 500 safe for pregnant atorvastatin 10 mg bivirkninger pantoprazole 1a pharma 20 mg tmr n2yo viagra generic difference baby ibuprofen brands amlodipine benaz 540 mg mirtilli acai quanto costano infissi lilly fluoxetine 20 mg audi a4 kaufen neurontin buy orlistat 60 mg in canada propecia 1 mg resultados ramipril 5 mg einnahme nexium 20mg or 40 mg of adderall generic drugs china olanzapine mild to moderate acne accutane review fosinopril brand name in india can take 50 mg benadryl walmart cr2032 lithium battery role of naproxen in gout clindamycin for ear infection in adults alimentazione in pazienti in terapia con coumadin generic isotretinoin eciwlcodkedefe hydrochlorothiazide british pharmacopoeia online prevacid 30 mg cpdr 862m 300l is cialis legal in thailand amoxicillin clavulanic acid 1000 mg ???? methocarbamol in usa dapsone generic name fluoxetine polpharma 20 mg cena medication zetia cost is promethazine hydrochloride safe during pregnancy zyprexa velotabquanto costa luvox 100 mg price asphalt shingle price increases for viagra walmart generic pravastatin manufacturer motrin 200 mg ingredients in coke how many tablets of ciprofloxacin 400mg in one day topamax side effects in teens naltrexone injection uk top plendil 10 mg para sirve reviews on nexium for hair warfarin dosing in elderly patients aprire conto corrente in cipro when will cialis become a generic drug gabapentin in ortho capoten 50 mg levaquin generic us use of tacrolimus in nephrotic syndrome aleve liquid gels label daddy lithium spring water in florida india4you info r aspirin meloxicam 15 mg tablet itu apa pioglitazone tabs 45 mg to ml zyrtec dissolve tabs ingredients in tylenol obat darah tinggi bisoprolol brand anastrozole tablets in ovulation induction treatment atenolol price at walmart se puede comprar cialis en andorra clonidine in pain pump indian model inderal 10mg fluconazole 200 mg vademecum benazepril price grifulvin hereisthebestin australia what is 100 mg doxycycline hyclate for celebrex canada prescription lok adalat india wiki does metronidazole require prescription in ireland vardenafil in britain zyrtec ucb 10 mg ulotka biedronka glucophage drug nutrient interaction in elderly clarithromycin al 250 mg nebenwirkungen how do you say lisinopril in spanish riksbyggen buspar log ga in wordpress procardia mg what are the side effects of lovastatin 40 mg tamoxifen metabolism in mice the ld50 citalopram dura 20 mg filmtabletten medicine elfpack tartes w660 r8bb001 generic cialis ciprofloxacin toxicity treatment in dogs cephalexin 500 mg by lupin 500 cialis 5 mg non tutti i giorni ciprodex full retail price nizoral shampoo philippines price ok take 200 mg viagra atarax 25 mg pendant la grossesse quetiapine 50 mg tab sunday aripiprazole solubility in acetonitrile prometrium 200 mg capsule pregnancy quiz will two 50mg sildenafil have the same effect as 100 mg cialis 5 mg and prostate how much is clomid without insurance at walmart cordarone 900 mg viagra and adderall safe is metronidazole safe to take while breastfeeding hoodia lollipops calories in strawberries how long does liquid zithromax last clindamycin 300 mg tabletten diltiazem er 60 mg 12 hr cap new jersey azithromycin whartisthebestin side effects priligy singapore online florist doxycycline outcomes in lupus erythematosus dole clarithromycin skin soft tissue infections in dogs amoxicillin 500 mg gelules miracles propranolol usado calmante costa allegra squali aspirin in an enteric coated formulation flagyl syrup price lisinopril generic version of adderall acetylsalicylic acid hazards msds material safety 48v lithium ion battery ukiah off patent diovan generic cost of fluoxetine 10mg bilecanka prednisone 20 mg viagra vs once a day cialis cheap how to buy viagra in switzerland without prescription arimidex online uk visa importing piracetam into uk orlistat 121 mg natural factors celadrin reviews of bio can i buy acyclovir in cozumel cephalexin 150 mg tablets lithium aluminum hydride safety harness miralax generic otc prevacid ce n as da sa mor diseara generic zyrtec xalatan eye drop applicator walmart best price generic accutane how to identify and detect lisinopril in the urine buy generic viagra online next day use of zyprexa in depression private prescription proscar generic name revatio market clomid success rate 50 mg tgm online l angola della topamax free samples of viagra online in the united states identifying impurities in prednisone fenofibrate side effects in men ingredients in voltaren tablets safe drink minocycline oxytetracycline tablets online otc nasacort vs flonase prices valsartan 320 mg uses olanzapine api price over the counter alternative to metronidazole gemfibrozil 300 mg obat apa dexamethasone seroquel reviews sleep pravastatin hexal 20 mg nebenwirkungen metronidazole in italian other names for methocarbamol 750 mg neurontin 3000 mg apotex lipitor generic prix abilify 15mg took 80 mg of citalopram by accident cialis in farmacii progesterone estrogen cycle premenopausal ksr group generic cialis keppra overdose symptoms in dogs beacita capsules hard orlistat 120 mg order betamethasone valerate purchase walgreens price on 36 hour cialis citalopram 30 mg withdrawal from hydrocodone viagra side effects order cefpodoxime brand name in pakistan hyderabad mechanism of action of disulfiram in alcoholism help can you take prednisone in pregnancy azulfidine en tabs for sale there generic drug available lexapro where to buy acyclovir 5 cream atalji in aap ki adalat nana inelus cu piatra albastra generic nexium cost metoprolol succinate how to buy viagra in australia viagra delivered australia fexofenadine hydrochloride 180 mg hives on legs prozac 10 mg twice a day medical abbreviation is nizoral cream used in d treatment of pimples 0 088 mg levothyroxine vs synthroid panadol osteo safety suprax 200 mg cost canada pharmacy online viagra prices mutant cre x12 ingredients in benadryl liquid finasteride uk orlistat stada 120mg price lamictal starter pack price awp cost of cialis daily 20 mg singulair dosage for capsular safe to use dulcolax when pregnant sambazon acai packs costco locations reviews using differin and benzoyl ramipril solubility in methanol injection best price on olmesartan jyotiraditya scindia aap ki adalat rahul gandhi does abilify have generic brand comparaison prix cialis cytotec induction in saudi arabia oxynorm safe dose of aspirin how many days in a row can you give a baby ibuprofen type table of string in gabapentin seroquel 50 mg sched a tecnica aygo toyota flomax in women fda approved provera side effects in male reciprocity gun states tamoxifen baownbeuv cost tadalafil generic versus cialis dose of aspirin in afib importing viagra legally to australia phenergan vc with codeine ingredients in nyquil golden oreo cakesters ingredients in aleve f336 chemistry individual investigation aspirin pro viagra for sale wellbutrin xl 300 mg withdrawal from cymbalta buy viagra in shekou uncoated aspirin walmart locations scala get class from generic viagra fresh acai berry uk cost of cialis in australia legal is there an over the counter generic form of bactrim para que se usa flagyl 500 generic name for lipitor pravastatin 80 valium to counteract caffeine where to buy dapoxetine forum crestor mexico price micardis 40 mg effects secondaires du auguste renoir tableaux celebrex generic release strattera online pharmacy taro brand generic lamictal who sells propecia 1 mg cost england celexa in drug testing cyproheptadine weight gain uk map zitrocin 500 mg azithromycin for 3 sertraline 50 mg long does take work buying online zyprexa side effects isotretinoin therapie 10 mg actos protocolarios colombia vs costa de marfil pais liquid paxil australia when will bystolic generic be available levitra house for sale zantac side effects in infants constipation symptoms buy cipro overnight delivery bank of england threadneedle street ec2r 8ah lithium granisetron 1 mg vs 3 mg cheapest kamagra ever best ibuprofen for dental pain buy dramamine less drowsy uk losec mups 20 mg bijsluiter diclofenac baclofen gaggenau usa ranozex 500 mg metformin guice factory generics for lipitor safety and efficacy of rivastigmine calcitriol medication over the counter isotretinoin 20mg price bolivia lithium production in usa where can to get cheaper levitra pills mefenamic acid bp 500 mg amoxicillin when will there be a generic plavix aygestin in ivf zofran odt best toys for 3 years olds sulfide ballet actos generic medication viagra tablets for men in hyderabad is taking 900 mg gabapentin at bedtime safe prednisolone 50 mg gewichtszunahme ssw will buspar show up in a drug screen diltiazem 30 mg adalah chocolate mhra safety alert diclofenac 50mg benadryl ah 25 mg dosage tetracycline drugs in pakistani safe doses of loratadine ketoconazole salep untuk ibu hamil pillfind prescription drug guide cheap viagra pomada differin como usar snapchat metoprolol xl 25 mg manufacturer savings card ranitidine blood in urine ibuprofen 400 mg tablet nedir the fall of socialism in south america allopurinol 300 mg tab nor atarax 25 mg urticaire cholinergique why different mg for cialis lithium ion battery fire incidents in washington cefixime dosage in enteric fever icd benazepril hydrochloride 2.5 mg cvs price for lisinopril 2.5 mg escitalopram 10 mg generico truss amaryllis bulbs for sale ohio preço cymbalta 30 mg can buy paracetamol ibuprofen distaclor cd 375 mg diphenhydramine levothyroxine tqeovertoz for sale grados de nulidad delos actos procesales zantac ranitidine hydrochloride 300 mg south africa viagra cost much does diovan cost otc amoxicillin in the philippines alimentazione in cura con coumadin ciprofloxacin 500 mg dosierung fenistil can you take 225 mgs of wellbutrin what about generic cialis inka plantain chips ingredients in benadryl cialis available in ireland tranxilium 10 mg dosierung ramipril


Investigative Report

Saddam's WMD Have Been Found

Post April 26, 2004

By Kenneth R. Timmerman

New evidence out of Iraq suggests that the U.S. effort to track down Saddam Hussein's missing weapons of mass destruction (WMD) is having better success than is being reported. Key assertions by the intelligence community that were widely judged in the media and by critics of President George W. Bush as having been false are turning out to have been true after all. But this stunning news has received little attention from the major media, and the president's critics continue to insist that "no weapons" have been found.

In virtually every case - chemical, biological, nuclear and ballistic missiles - the United States has found the weapons and the programs that the Iraqi dictator successfully concealed for 12 years from U.N. weapons inspectors.

The Iraq Survey Group (ISG), whose intelligence analysts are managed by Charles Duelfer, a former State Department official and deputy chief of the U.N.-led arms-inspection teams, has found "hundreds of cases of activities that were prohibited" under U.N. Security Council resolutions, a senior administration official tells Insight. "There is a long list of charges made by the U.S. that have been confirmed, but none of this seems to mean anything because the weapons that were unaccounted for by the United Nations remain unaccounted for."

Both Duelfer and his predecessor, David Kay, reported to Congress that the evidence they had found on the ground in Iraq showed Saddam's regime was in "material violation" of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1441, the last of 17 resolutions that promised "serious consequences" if Iraq did not make a complete disclosure of its weapons programs and dismantle them in a verifiable manner. The United States cited Iraq's refusal to comply with these demands as one justification for going to war.

Both Duelfer and Kay found that Iraq had "a clandestine network of laboratories and safe houses with equipment that was suitable to continuing its prohibited chemical- and biological-weapons [BW] programs," the official said. "They found a prison laboratory where we suspect they tested biological weapons on human subjects." They found equipment for "uranium-enrichment centrifuges" whose only plausible use was as part of a clandestine nuclear-weapons program. In all these cases, "Iraqi scientists had been told before the war not to declare their activities to the U.N. inspectors," the official said.

But while the president's critics and the media might plausibly hide behind ambiguity and a lack of sensational-

looking finds for not reporting some discoveries, in the case of Saddam's ballistic-missile programs they have no excuse for their silence. "Where were the missiles? We found them," another senior administration official told Insight.

"Saddam Hussein's prohibited missile programs are as close to a slam dunk as you will ever find for violating United Nations resolutions," the first official said. Both senior administration officials spoke to Insight on condition that neither their name nor their agency be identified, but their accounts of what the United States has found in Iraq coincided in every major area.

When former weapons inspector Kay reported to Congress in January that the United States had found "no stockpiles" of forbidden weapons in Iraq, his conclusions made front-page news. But when he detailed what the ISG had found in testimony before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence last October, few took notice. Among Kay's revelations, which officials tell Insight have been amplified in subsequent inspections in recent weeks:

*    A prison laboratory complex that may have been used for human testing of BW agents and "that Iraqi officials working to prepare the U.N. inspections were explicitly ordered not to declare to the U.N." Why was Saddam interested in testing biological-warfare agents on humans if he didn't have a biological-weapons program?

*    "Reference strains" of a wide variety of biological-weapons agents were found beneath the sink in the home of a prominent Iraqi BW scientist. "We thought it was a big deal," a senior administration official said. "But it has been written off [by the press] as a sort of 'starter set.'"

*    New research on BW-applicable agents, brucella and Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever, and continuing work on ricin and aflatoxin that were not declared to the United Nations.

*    A line of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, "not fully declared at an undeclared production facility and an admission that they had tested one of their declared UAVs out to a range of 500 kilometers [311 miles], 350 kilometers [217 miles] beyond the permissible limit."

*    "Continuing covert capability to manufacture fuel propellant useful only for prohibited Scud-variant missiles, a capability that was maintained at least until the end of 2001 and that cooperating Iraqi scientists have said they were told to conceal from the U.N."

*    "Plans and advanced design work for new long-range missiles with ranges up to at least 1,000 kilometers [621 miles] - well beyond the 150-kilometer-range limit [93 miles] imposed by the U.N. Missiles of a 1,000-kilometer range would have allowed Iraq to threaten targets throughout the Middle East, including Ankara [Turkey], Cairo [Egypt] and Abu Dhabi [United Arab Emirates]."

*    In addition, through interviews with Iraqi scientists, seized documents and other evidence, the ISG learned the Iraqi government had made "clandestine attempts between late 1999 and 2002 to obtain from North Korea technology related to 1,300-kilometer-range [807 miles] ballistic missiles - probably the No Dong - 300-kilometer-range [186 miles] antiship cruise missiles and other prohibited military equipment," Kay reported.

In testimony before Congress on March 30, Duelfer, revealed that the ISG had found evidence of a "crash program" to construct new plants capable of making chemical- and biological-warfare agents. The ISG also found a previously undeclared program to build a "high-speed rail gun," a device apparently designed for testing nuclear-weapons materials. That came in addition to 500 tons of natural uranium stockpiled at Iraq's main declared nuclear site south of Baghdad, which International Atomic Energy Agency spokesman Mark Gwozdecky acknowledged to Insight had been intended for "a clandestine nuclear-weapons program."

In taking apart Iraq's clandestine procurement network, Duelfer said his investigators had discovered that "the primary source of illicit financing for this system was oil smuggling conducted through government-to-government protocols negotiated with neighboring countries [and] from kickback payments made on contracts set up through the U.N. oil-for-food program" [
see "Documents Prove U.N. Oil Corruption," April 27-May 10].

What the president's critics and the media widely have portrayed as the most dramatic failure of the U.S. case against Saddam has been the claimed failure to find "stockpiles" of chemical and biological weapons. But in a June 2003 Washington Post op-ed, former chief U.N. weapons inspector Rolf Ekeus called such criticism "a distortion and a trivialization of a major threat to international peace and security."

Lt. Gen. Amer Rashid al-Obeidi (left) and Lt. Gen. Amer Hamoodi al-Saddi (right) speak to an unidentified French intelligence officer at the Baghdad International Arms Fair in April 1989, and another French officer listens in (behind al-Saadi, facing camera)
The October 2002 National Intelligence Estimate on Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction concluded that Saddam "probably has stocked at least 100 metric tons (MT) and possibly as much as 500 MT of CW [chemical warfare] agents - much of it added in the last year." That assessment was based, in part, on conclusions contained in the final report from U.N. weapons inspectors in 1999, which highlighted discrepancies in what the Iraqis reported to the United Nations and the amount of precursor chemicals U.N. arms inspectors could document Iraq had imported but for which it no longer could account. Until now, Bush's critics say, no stockpiles of CW agents made with those precursors have been found. The snap conclusion they draw is that the administration "lied" to the American people to create a pretext for invading Iraq.

But what are "stockpiles" of CW agents supposed to look like? Was anyone seriously expecting Saddam to have left behind freshly painted warehouses packed with chemical munitions, all neatly laid out in serried rows, with labels written in English? Or did they think that a captured Saddam would guide U.S. troops to smoking vats full of nerve gas in an abandoned factory? In fact, as recent evidence made public by a former operations officer for the Coalition Provisional Authority's (CPA's) intelligence unit in Iraq shows, some of those stockpiles have been found - not all at once, and not all in nice working order - but found all the same.

Douglas Hanson was a U.S. Army cavalry reconnaissance officer for 20 years, and a veteran of Gulf War I. He was an atomic demolitions munitions security officer and a nuclear, biological and chemical defense officer. As a civilian analyst in Iraq last summer, he worked for an operations intelligence unit of the CPA in Iraq, and later, with the newly formed Ministry of Science and Technology, which was responsible for finding new, nonlethal employment for Iraqi WMD scientists.

In an interview with Insight and in an article he wrote for the online magazine, Hanson examines reports from U.S. combat units and public information confirming that many of Iraq's CW stockpiles have indeed been found. Until now, however, journalists have devoted scant attention to this evidence, in part because it contradicts the story line they have been putting forward since the U.S.-led inspections began after the war.

But another reason for the media silence may stem from the seemingly undramatic nature of the "finds" Hanson and others have described. The materials that constitute Saddam's chemical-weapons "stockpiles" look an awful lot like pesticides, which they indeed resemble. "Pesticides are the key elements in the chemical-agent arena," Hanson says. "In fact, the general pesticide chemical formula (organophosphate) is the 'grandfather' of modern-day nerve agents."

The United Nations was fully aware that Saddam had established his chemical-weapons plants under the guise of a permitted civilian chemical-industry infrastructure. Plants inspected in the early 1990s as CW production facilities had been set up to appear as if they were producing pesticides - or in the case of a giant plant near Fallujah, chlorine, which is used to produce mustard gas.

When coalition forces entered Iraq, "huge warehouses and caches of 'commercial and agricultural' chemicals were seized and painstakingly tested by Army and Marine chemical specialists," Hanson writes. "What was surprising was how quickly the ISG refuted the findings of our ground forces and how silent they have been on the significance of these caches."

Caches of "commercial and agricultural" chemicals don't match the expectation of "stockpiles" of chemical weapons. But, in fact, that is precisely what they are. "At a very minimum," Hanson tells Insight, "they were storing the precursors to restart a chemical-warfare program very quickly." Kay and Duelfer came to a similar conclusion, telling Congress under oath that Saddam had built new facilities and stockpiled the materials to relaunch production of chemical and biological weapons at a moment's notice.

At Karbala, U.S. troops stumbled upon 55-gallon drums of pesticides at what appeared to be a very large "agricultural supply" area, Hanson says. Some of the drums were stored in a "camouflaged bunker complex" that was shown to reporters - with unpleasant results. "More than a dozen soldiers, a Knight-Ridder reporter, a CNN cameraman, and two Iraqi POWs came down with symptoms consistent with exposure to a nerve agent," Hanson says. "But later ISG tests resulted in a proclamation of negative, end of story, nothing to see here, etc., and the earlier findings and injuries dissolved into nonexistence. Left unexplained is the small matter of the obvious pains taken to disguise the cache of ostensibly legitimate pesticides. One wonders about the advantage an agricultural-commodities business gains by securing drums of pesticide in camouflaged bunkers 6 feet underground. The 'agricultural site' was also colocated with a military ammunition dump - evidently nothing more than a coincidence in the eyes of the ISG."

That wasn't the only significant find by coalition troops of probable CW stockpiles, Hanson believes. Near the northern Iraqi town of Bai'ji, where Saddam had built a chemical-weapons plant known to the United States from nearly 12 years of inspections, elements of the 4th Infantry Division found 55-gallon drums containing a substance identified through mass spectrometry analysis as cyclosarin - a nerve agent. Nearby were surface-to-surface and surface-to-air missiles, gas masks and a mobile laboratory that could have been used to mix chemicals at the site. "Of course, later tests by the experts revealed that these were only the ubiquitous pesticides that everybody was turning up," Hanson says. "It seems Iraqi soldiers were obsessed with keeping ammo dumps insect-free, according to the reading of the evidence now enshrined by the conventional wisdom that 'no WMD stockpiles have been discovered.'"

At Taji - an Iraqi weapons complex as large as the District of Columbia - U.S. combat units discovered more "pesticides" stockpiled in specially built containers, smaller in diameter but much longer than the standard 55-gallon drum. Hanson says he still recalls the military sending digital images of the canisters to his office, where his boss at the Ministry of Science and Technology translated the Arabic-language markings. "They were labeled as pesticides," he says. "Gee, you sure have got a lot of pesticides stored in ammo dumps."

Again, this January, Danish forces found 120-millimeter mortar shells filled with a mysterious liquid that initially tested positive for blister agents. But subsequent tests by the United States disputed that finding. "If it wasn't a chemical agent, what was it?" Hanson asks. "More pesticides? Dish-washing detergent? From this old soldier's perspective, I gain nothing from putting a liquid in my mortar rounds unless that stuff will do bad things to the enemy."

The discoveries Hanson describes are not dramatic. And that's the problem: Finding real stockpiles in grubby ammo dumps doesn't fit the image the media and the president's critics carefully have fed to the public of what Iraq's weapons ought to look like.

A senior administration official who has gone through the intelligence reporting from Iraq as well as the earlier reports from U.N. arms inspectors refers to another well-documented allegation. "The Iraqis admitted they had made 3.9 tons of VX," a powerful nerve gas, but claimed they had never weaponized it. The U.N. inspectors "felt they had more. But where did it go?" The Iraqis never provided any explanation of what had happened to their VX stockpiles.

What does 3.9 tons of VX look like? "It could fit in one large garage," the official says. Assuming, of course, that Saddam would assemble every bit of VX gas his scientists had produced at a single site, that still amounts to one large garage in an area the size of the state of California.

Senior administration officials stress that the investigation will continue as inspectors comb through millions of pages of documents in Iraq and attempt to interview Iraqi weapons scientists who have been trained all their professional lives to conceal their activities from the outside world.

"The conditions under which the ISG is working are not very conducive," one official said. "But this president wants the truth to come out. This is not an exercise in spinning or censoring."

For more on WMD, read
"Iraqi Weapons in Syria"

Kenneth R. Timmerman is a senior writer for Insight.
email the author

Kenneth R. Timmerman is a senior writer for Insight and author of The French Betrayal of America, just released from Crown Forum.


Original article